Indian Army Rank Structure
COMMISSIONED OFFICER RANK STRUCTURE
Insignia– National emblem over a crossed baton and saber in a lotus blossom wreath
- The Field Marshal rank is the highest rank in the Indian Army. It is a ceremonial or wartime rank and Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and Field Marshal KM Cariappa were the only two officers to be elevated to the rank of Field Marshal.
Retirement– There is no retirement age for this rank. It is awarded lifelong.
Insignia– National emblem over a five-pointed star, both over a crossed baton and saber
This is the highest rank held by an Army officer, apart from the honorary rank of Field Marshal.
Retirement– 3 years as COAS or at the age of 62, whichever is earlier.
Current General– General Mukund Narvane, is the current COAS.
Insignia– National emblem over crossed baton and saber.
Lieutenant generals are appointed only by selection (after 36 years of commissioned service) and may hold the position of a Vice Chief of Army Staff or Army Commanders.
Insignia– Five-pointed star over crossed baton and saber.
Major generals are appointed by selection after 32 years of commissioned service.
Insignia– National emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation.
Insignia– National emblem over two five-pointed stars
- Colonel and above ranks are Selection grade ranks. 15 years of commissioned service is required for selection.
- Duration of Time Scale promotion to Colonel is 26 years of commissioned service.
Insignia– National emblem over five-pointed star
This rank is earned on completion of 13 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part D exam.
Insignia– National emblem
This rank is earned on completion of 6 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part B exam.
Insignia– Three five-pointed stars
This rank is earned on completion of 2 years reckonable commissioned service. In some technical entries, the rank is awarded after successful completion of 1 year.
Insignia– Two five-pointed stars.
It is rank achieved after getting commissioned into the force from the academy.
JUNIOR COMMISSIONED OFFICER
Insignia – Gold national emblem with stripe
The promotion is based on selection. Although commissioned, they would be considered as senior enlisted personnel.
Insignia– Two gold stars with stripe
The selection is based on promotion.
Insignia– One gold star with stripe
The selection is based on the promotion. The soldiers holding JCO rank receive a commission from the President of India.
NON COMMISSIONED OFFICERS
Insignia– Three rank chevrons
Insignia– Two rank chevrons
Insignia – Plain shoulder badge