List of Important Rivers in India with their Origin and Length

List of Important Rivers in India:  In this article, we have provided you the list of all important rivers in India with their origin and length. This section from Indian Geography plays very crucial role in Defence examination as at least one question is asked from this section, hence having good knowledge about this topic is must.

List of Important Rivers in India

Following list shows the names of rivers in India with their lengths, origins and tributaries.

S.No. Rivers Origin Length (km) End
1. Ganga Gangotri Glacier (Bhagirathi), Uttarakhand 2,525 Bay of Bengal
2. Yamuna Yamunotri Glacier, Uttarakhand 1,376 Merges with Ganga at Allahabad (Triveni Sangam – Kumbh Mela spot
3. Brahmaputra Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, but enters India in Arunachal Pradesh 1,800 Merges with Ganga and ends in Bay of Bengal
4. Chambal Tributary of Yamuna river, starting at Madhya Pradesh 960 Joins Yamuna river in UP
5. Son Tributary of Ganga, starting at Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh 784 Joins Ganga just above Patna – also considered part of Vindhya river system
6. Gandak Nepal; Ganges tributary at Indo-Nepal border (Triveni Sangam) 630 Joins Ganga near Patna
7. Kosi Starts from Bihar near Indo-Nepal border 720 Joins Ganga near Katihar district of Bihar
8. Betwa Tributary of Yamuna, rises at Vindhya region, MP 590 Joins Yamuna at Hamirpur in UP
9. Gomti Tributary of Ganga, starting at Gomat Taal, UP 900 Joins Ganga in Varanasi district
10. Ghaghara Himalayan Glacier in Tibet, tributary of Ganga 1080 Joins Ganga in Bihar
11. Hugli (Hooghly) Tributary of Ganga near West Bengal 260 Merges with Ganga at Bay of Bengal
12. Damodar Tributary of Hugli near Chandwara, Jharkhand 592 Merges with Hugli in West Bengal
13. Mahananda Paglajhora falls, Darjeeling, West Bengal 360 Merge in Ganga
14. Alaknanda Satopanth & Bhagirathi-Kharak glacier 190 Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
15. Bhagirathi Gaumukh, Uttarakhand 205 Merge in Ganga, Devprayag, Uttarakhand
16. Indus Originates in Tibetan plateau, Enters India in J&K 3180 Merges into Arabian sea near Sindh
17. Chenab Upper Himalayas in the Spiti district of Himachal Pradesh 960 Merges with Indus
18. Jhelum Tributary of Chenab river, Punjab 725 Merges with Chenab at Jhang (Pakistan)
19. Ravi Starts from Bara Bhangal, Kangra district, Himachal Pradesh 720 Joins Chenab in Pakistan
20. Sutlej Tributary of Indus river, originates at Rakshastal, Tibet 1500 Meets Beas river in Pakistan and ends at Arabian sea
21. Beas Rises at Himalayas in central Himachal Pradesh 470 Joins Sutlej river in Punjab, India
22. Parbati Mantalai Glacier near Pin Prabati Pass Mixes with Beas River at Bhuntar, near Kullu of Himachal Pradesh
23. Suru Panzella Glacier, Pensi La Pass, Kargil 185 Indus, Nurla, Skardu, Pakistan
24. Dras Machoi Glacier, Zoji La, ear Sonamarg, Jammu & Kashmir 86 Suru River at Kharul, Kargil
25. Zanskar Doda River (First Branch), Kargyag and Tsarap River (Second Branch) Indus River near Nimmu in Ladakh
26. Tsarap Pankpo La, Sarchu 182 Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
27. Doda Drang-Drung Glacier, Pensi La 79 Zanskar River, Padum, Kargil
28. Kaveri Talakaveri in Western Ghats in Karnataka 765 Ends in Bay of Bengal
29. Krishna Originates in the Western Ghats near Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra 1400 Ends in Bay of Bengal near Andhra Pradesh
30. Godavari Starts in Maharashtra and passes through 7 Indian states 1465 Empties in Bay of Bengal
31. Tungabhadra Tributary of Krishna river staring at Karnataka 531 Joins Krishna river along the border of Telangana and Andhra Pradesh
32. Tapti Rises in Eastern Satpura Ranges, Madhya Pradesh 724 Empties into Gulf of Khambhat, Gujarat
33. Mahi Rises in Madhya Pradesh 580 Flows into Arabian sea from Gujarat
34. Narmada Starts from Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh 1315 Drains into Arabian sea via Gulf of Cambay
35. Indravati Dandakaranya range, Kalahandi district, Odisha 535 Godavari near border of Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh and Telangana
36. Pranhita Confluence of Wardha and Wainganga, near Sirpur Kaghaznagar 113 Godavari, near Kaleshwaram, Telangana
37. Wardha Satpura range, Multai, Betul district of Madhya Pradesh 528 Pranhita River
38. Kolab (Sabari) Sinkaran hills, Koraput, Odisha 200 Godavari
39. Manjira Balaghat hills 724 Godavari, near Kandakurthi, Karnataka
40. Wainganga Satpura range, Mundara, Seoni district, Madhya Pradesh 579 Pranhita River
41. Painganga Ajanta range, Aurangabad, Maharashtra 676 Wardha river, Chandrapur district, Maharashtra
42. Vedavathi Confluence of Veda and Avathi Tungabhadra river, near Siruguppa
43. Bhima Bhimashankar 861 Krishna river, near raichur
44. Indrayani Lonavala, Maharashtra Bhima river
45. Pavana Sahyadri range, Lonavala Maharashtra 58 Mula river
46. Ghataprabha Western ghats, Sindhudurg, Maharashtra 283 Krishna river, Almatti
47. Venna Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra 130 Krishna river, Satara, Maharashtra
48. Koyna Mahabaleshwar, Maharashtra 130 Krishna river, near Karad, Satara
49. Amravati Anamalai hills, Pambar, Chinnar rivers 282 Kaveri river at Karur, Tamil Nadu
50. Bhavani Silent valley National Park, Kerala 135 Kaveri river at Kongu Nadu region of Tamil Nadu
51. Hemavati Western Ghats, Chikmagalur, Karnataka 245 Kaveri river near Krishna Raja Sagara, Karnataka
52. Mahanadi Dhamtari, Dandakaranya, Chhattisgarh 858 Bay of Bengal, near False Point, Kendrapara, Odisha
53. Subarnarekha Chota Nagpur plateau, near Ranchi, Jharkhand 395 Kirtania Port, near Talsari, Bay of Bengal
54. Kangsabati Chota Nagpur plateau, Purulia district, West Bengal 465 Bay of Bengal near Haldia
55. Penner (Penna) Nandi Hills, Chikkaballapur district, Karnataka 597 Bay of Bengal, near Nellore, Andhra Pradesh
56. Palar Nandi hills, Kolar district Karnataka 348 Bay of Bengal, near Vayalur, Tamil Nadu
57. Vaigai Varusanadu Hills, Tamil Nadu 258 Palk Strait, Tamil Nadu
58. Vellar Shevaroy Hills 150 Bay of Bengal, near Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu
59. Ponnaiyar Nandidurg, Chikkaballapur 400 Bay of Bengal
60. Noyyal Velliangiri Hills, Western Ghats, Tamil Nadu 180 Kaveri river
61. Gomai Satpura Range Tapti river, near Prakasha, Nandurbar, Maharashtra
62. Panzara Near Pimpalaner, Dhule, Maharashtra Tapti river
63. Purna Satpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh Tapti river, near Changdev, Maharashtra
64. Kolar Vindhya Range, near Sehore district, Madhya Pradesh 101 Narmada, near Raisen district of Madhya Pradesh
65. Tawa Satpura Range, Betul, Madhya Pradesh 172 Narmada near Hoshangabad district
66. Sabarmati Dhebar lake, Aravalli range, near Udaipur, Rajasthan 371 Gulf of Khambhat
67. Zuari Hemad-Barshem in western ghats 34 Arabian sea
68. Ulhas Near Rajmachi hills, Sahyadri range 122 Vasai creek, Mumbai
69. Mithi Vihar lake and Powai lake 15 Arabian sea, Mahim creek, Mumbai
70. Mandovi Bhimgad, Karnataka 77 Arabian sea
71. Kali Kushavali, Karnataka 184 Arabian sea
72. Netravati Kudremukh, Chikmagalur, Karnataka Arabian sea, near Mangalore, Karnataka
73. Sharavati Western Ghats, Tirthahalli, Karnataka 128 Arabian sea, near Honnavar, Uttar Kannada district, Karnataka
74. Periyar Sivagiri hills, Sundaramala, Tamil Nadu 244 Lakshadweep sea, Kerala
75. Bharathappuzha Anamalai Hills, Tamil Nadu 209 Lakshadweep sea, Ponnani, Kerala
76. Pamba Pulachimalai Hills, Western Ghats 176 Vembanad Lake
77. Chaliyar Elambaleri Hills, Western Ghats, Wayanad, Kerala 169

Lakshadweep sea, Kerala

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NDA 1 2021 Expected Cutoff: Check Here

NDA 1 2021 Expected Cutoff: UPSC would be conducting NDA 1 2021 on 18 April 2021 and candidates might be in search of expected cutoff of this year NDA Exam. In this article we have analyzed the previous year cutoffs of UPSC NDA exam and given the expected cutoff of this year’s NDA exam . Candidates need to score minimum qualifying marks in order to get the SSB Interview Call Letter. In order to get into the merit list you must score good marks in written exam as merit is made up by calculating the total of written and SSB Interview marks.

To be on safe side you must score above 340 marks out of 900 to get your SSB Interview Call letter

UPSC NDA/ NA 1 & 2 Previous Year Marks
Year
Written Exam Marks
(Out of 900)
WRITTEN + SSB Marks
(Out of 1800)
NDA & NA (II) 2018
325
688
NDA & NA (I) 2018
338
705
NDA & NA (II) 2017
258
624
NDA & NA (I) 2017
342
708
NDA & NA (II) 2016
229
602
NDA & NA (I) 2016
288
656
NDA & NA (II) 2015
269
637
NDA & NA (I) 2015
306
674
NDA & NA (II) 2014
283
656
NDA & NA (I) 2014
360
722
NDA & NA (II) 2013
360
721
NDA & NA (I) 2013
333
698
NDA & NA (II) 2012
335
699

NDA Exam Syllabus

Paper-I: Mathematics

1. ALGEBRA

2. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS
3. TRIGONOMETRY
4. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS
5. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS
6. INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS
7. VECTOR ALGEBRA
8. STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY

PAPER-II: GENERAL ABILITY TEST

Part ‘A’—ENGLISH (Maximum Marks—200)

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.


Part ‘B’—GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (Maximum Marks—400)

The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.
Section ‘A’ (Physics)
Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)
Section ‘C’ (General Science), Biology
Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)
Section ‘E’ (Geography)

Section ‘F’ (Current Events)
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UPSC NDA 1 2021 Admit Card Out: Download Now !!

UPSC NDA 1 2021 Admit Card Out: UPSC has finally released the NDA I 2021 Admit Card on its official website. Candidates can download their Admit card by clicking on the link given below. UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts NDA Exam twice a year to select eligible candidates for admission in the elite National Defence Academy. NDA 1 written examination will be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA for the 147th Course, and for the 109th Indian Naval Academy Course.

NDA 1 2021 Exam is scheduled for 18th April 2021.

UPSC NDA 1 2021 Admit Card Out: Important Dates

Events Dates
Release Of Official Notification 30 December 2020
Start of Online Application 2nd Jan 2021
NDA 2 2020 Online Application Closes 19 January 2021
Release of Admit Card 26th March 2021
NDA 2 2020 Written Exam 18th April 2021.
Declaration of Result  To be declared

Download UPSC NDA 1 2021 Admit Card Here

NDA Exam Pattern (1) 2021

Subject Duration Maximum Marks
Mathematics 2½ Hours 300
General Ability Test 2½ Hours 600
Total 900

NDA Exam Syllabus (1) 2021

Paper 1 – Mathematics
 
Algebra Matrices & Determinants Trigonometry
Differential Calculus Analytical Geometry 2D & 3D Integral Calculus
Differential Equations Vector Algebra Probability

Paper 2 – Part A – English

The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Paper 2 – Part B – General Knowledge

Physics
Chemistry
General Science
History
Geography
Current Affairs

Check Detailed Syllabus Here

UPSC Official Website

State wise-List of National Parks in India

State wise-List of National Parks in India: Static GK plays a very important role in defence examination. Candidates must go through this topic very well. Every Defence exam like CDS, AFCAT, NDA and CAPF have questions from this part. In this article we have provided you the State-wise  List of national Parks in India.

State wise-List of National Parks in India

State/Union Territory Name of the National Park
Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Campbell Bay National Park
  • Galathea National Park
  • Mahatma Gandhi Marine National Park (Wandur National Park)
  • Middle Button Island National Park
  • Mount Harriet National Park
  • North Button Island National Park
  • Rani Jhansi Marine National Park
  • Saddle Peak National Park
  • South Button Island National Park
Andhra Pradesh
  • Papikonda National Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park
  • Sri Venkateswara National Park
Arunachal Pradesh
  • Namdapha National Park
  • Mouling National Park
Assam
  • Dibru-Saikhowa National Park
  • Kaziranga National Park
  • Manas National Park
  • Nameri National Park
  • Orang National Park
Bihar
  • Valmiki National Park
  • Kanwar Lake Bird Sanctuary
  • Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary
Chhattisgarh
  • Indravati National Park
  • Kanger Ghati National Park (Kanger Valley)
  • Guru Ghasi Das (Sanjay) National Park
Goa
  • Bhagwan Mahavir (Mollem) National Park
Gujarat
  • Vansda National Park
  • Blackbuck National Park, Velavadar
  • Gir National Park
  • Gulf of Kachchh Marine National Park
Haryana
  • Kalesar National Park
  • Sultanpur National Park
Himachal Pradesh
  • Great Himalayan National Park
  • Pin Valley National Park
  • Inderkilla National Park
  • Khirganga National Park
  • Simbalbara National Park
Jammu and Kashmir
  • Dachigam National Park
  • Hemis National Park
  • Kishtwar National Park
  • Salim Ali National Park
Jharkhand
  • Betla National Park
  • Dimna National Park
  • Hazaribag National Park
Karnataka
  • Anshi National Park
  • Rajiv Gandhi National Park
  • Bandipur National Park
  • Bannerghatta National Park
  • Kudremukh National Park
Kerala
  • Eravikulam National Park
  • Mathikettan Shola National Park
  • Periyar National Park
  • Silent Valley National Park
  • Anamudi Shola National Park
  • Pambadum Shola National Park
Madhya Pradesh
  • Bandhavgarh National Park
  • Mandla Plant Fossil National Park
  • Kanha National Park
  • Madhav National Park
  • Panna National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Sanjay National Park
  • Satpura National Park
  • Van Vihar National Park
Maharashtra
  • Chandoli National Park
  • Gugamal National Park
  • Navegaon National Park
  • Pench National Park
  • Sanjay Gandhi National Park or Borivili National Park
  • Tadoba National Park
Manipur
  • Keibul Lamjao National Park
  • Sirohi National Park
Meghalaya
  • Balphakram National Park
  • Nokrek National Park
Mizoram
  • Murlen National Park
  • Phawngpui Blue Mountain National Park
Nagaland
  • Ntangki National Park
Orissa
  • Bhitarkanika National Park
  • Nandankanan National Park
  • Simlipal National Park
Punjab
  • Harike Wetland
Rajasthan
  • Darrah National Park
  • Desert National Park
  • Keoladeo National Park
  • Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary
  • Ranthambore National Park
  • Sariska National Park
Sikkim
  • Khangchendzonga National Park
Tamil Nadu
  • Mudumalai National Park
  • Mukurthi National Park
  • Indira Gandhi (Annamalai) National Park
  • Guindy National Park
  • Gulf of Mannar Marine National Park
Tripura
  • Bison( Rajbari ) National Park
  • Clouded Leopard National Park
Uttar Pradesh
  • Dudhwa National Park
Uttarakhand
  • Gangotri National Park
  • Govind Pashu Vihar
  • Jim Corbett National Park
  • Nanda Devi National Park
  • Rajaji National Park
  • Valley of Flowers National Park
West Bengal
  • Gorumara National Park
  • Buxa National Park
  • Neora Valley National Park
  • Singalila National Park
  • Jaldapara National Park
  • Sundarbans National Park

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UPSC NDA 2021 Detailed Syllabus: Check here

UPSC NDA 2021 Detailed Syllabus: UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts NDA Exam twice a year to select eligible candidates for admission in the elite National Defence Academy. NDA 1 written examination will be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA for the 147th Course, and for the 109th Indian Naval Academy Course.

NDA 1 2021 Exam is scheduled for 18th April 2021. The Admit Card for the Written Exam will be released 10-15 days prior to the commencement of the Written Exam.

UPSC NDA 2021 Detailed Syllabus:

Paper-I : Mathematics

1. ALGEBRA

Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation, Representation of real numbers on a line, Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity, Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa, Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions, Quadratic equations with real coefficients, Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its applications, Logarithms and their applications.

2. MATRICES AND DETERMINANTS:

Types of matrices, operations on matrices, Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants, Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.

3. TRIGONOMETRY:

Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Trigonometrical ratios, Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae, Multiple and Sub-multiple angles, Inverse trigonometric functions, Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.

4. ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY OF TWO AND THREE DIMENSIONS:

Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms, Angle between two lines, Distance of a point from a line, Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic, Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation of a plane and a line in various forms, Angle between two lines and angle between two planes, Equation of a sphere.

5. DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS:

Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.

6. INTEGRAL CALCULUS AND DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS:

Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals— determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.

7. VECTOR ALGEBRA:

Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.

8. STATISTICS AND PROBABILITY:

Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples. Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical- examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.

PAPER-II: GENERAL ABILITY TEST

Part ‘A’—ENGLISH (Maximum Marks—200)

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Part ‘B’—GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (Maximum Marks—400)

The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.

Section ‘A’ (Physics)

Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer. Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.

Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)

Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.

Section ‘C’ (General Science)

Difference between the living and non-living. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention. Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.

Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.

Section ‘E’ (Geography)

The Earth, its shape and size. Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.

Section ‘F’ (Current Events)

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.

Section/Subject Percentage of Marks
Section A: Physics 25%
Section B: Chemistry 15%
Section C: General Science 10%
Section D: History/Freedom Movements 20%
Section E: Geography 20%
Section F: Current Events 10%

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