Missile System of India: Range, Type and Capabilities| Full Details

Missile System of India:  Defence knowledge plays a crucial role in every defence examination. Defence aspirants must have knowledge about defence equipment and recent happenings.  In this article, we have provided the in-depth knowledge about the missile system of India. In military language, the definition of the missile is a weapon which is a guided self-propelled flying weapon usually propelled by rocket motor or fighter jet engine.

Missile System of India: Range, Type and Capabilities

  • Surface-to-Surface Missile: A surface-to-surface missile is a guided projectile launched from a handheld, vehicle mounted, trailer mounted or fixed installation. It is often powered by a rocket motor or sometimes fired by an explosive charge since the launch platform is stationary.
  • Surface-to-Air Missile: A surface-to-air missile is designed for launch from the ground to destroy aerial targets like aircrafts, helicopters and even ballistic missiles. These missiles are generally called air defence systems as they defend any aerial attacks by the enemy.
  • Surface (Coast)-to-Sea Missile: A surface (coast)-to-sea missile is designed to be launched from land to ship in the sea as targets.
  • Air-to-Air Missile:An air-to-air missile is launched from an aircraft to destroy the enemy aircraft. The missile flies at a speed of 4 Mach.
  • Air-to-Surface Missile:An air-to-surface missile is designed for launch from military aircraft and strikes ground targets on land, at sea or both. The missiles are basically guided via laser guidance, infrared guidance and optical guidance or via GPS signals. The type of guidance depends on the type of target.
  • Sea-to-Sea Missile:A sea-to-sea missile is designed for launch from one ship to another ship.
  • Sea-to-Surface (Coast) Missile:A sea-to-surface missile is designed for launch from ship to land based targets.
  • Anti-Tank Missile: An anti-tank missile is a guided missile primarily designed to hit and destroy heavily armoured tanks and other armoured fighting vehicles. Antitank missiles could be launched from aircraft, helicopters, tanks and also from shoulder mounted launcher.

Notable Missile Systems in India and their details

Missile Type   Range
Astra air-to-air   80 km
Trishul surface-to-air   9 km
Akash     30 km
Prithvi Air Defence (PAD)     2000 km
Nag surface-to-surface Anti-tank missile   4 km
Prahaar surface-to-surface SRBM 150 km
BrahMos land, naval, air Supersonic Cruise Missile 300 km
Nirbhay land, naval, air Subsonic Cruise Missile 1000 km
K-15 Sagarika underwater-to-surface SLBM 700 km
Dhanush sea-to-sea/surface SRBM 350 km
Shaurya surface-to-surface SLBM 1900

SLBM: Sub-marine launched ballistic missile

Missile Features
Astra Astra is a beyond-visual-range (BVR) air-to-air missile (AAM).In terms of size and weight, the Astra is the smallest missile developed by the DRDO.It was envisaged to intercept and destroy enemy aircraft at supersonic speeds.
Trishul Used as anti-sea skimmer (to fly low to avoid radar) from ships against low-flying attacks.
Akash It has the capability to “neutralize aerial targets like fighter jets, cruise missiles and air-to-surface missiles” as well as ballistic missiles.
PAD Anti-ballistic missile developed to intercept incoming ballistic missiles outside the atmosphere (exo-atmospheric).
Nag 3rd generation anti-tank ‘fire and forget’ guided missile (lock-on before launch system) where the target is identified and designated before the weapon is launched.
Prahaar High manoeuvrability.Primarily a battlefield support system for the Army.
BrahMos It is a supersonic cruise missile developed as a joint venture between Indian and Russia.It is the fastest supersonic cruise missile in the world.It is the world’s fastest anti-ship cruise missile in operation.
Nirbhay Subsonic missile which is ancillary (providing necessary support) to the BrahMos range.
K-15 Sagarika It forms the crucial third leg of India’s nuclear deterrent vis-à-vis its submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) capability.It was subsequently integrated with India’s nuclear-powered Arihant class submarine.
Dhanush It is capable of carrying nuclear warheads.It carries forward the legacy of the K-15 Sagarika.
Shaurya Surface-to-surface ballistic missile (SSM) variant of the K-15 Sagarika.The nuclear capability of the missile enhances India’s second-strike capability.It reduces the dependence on the K-15 which was built with Russian assistance.

Prithvi Missiles

All the Prithvi variants are surface-to-surface SRBMs.

Name Version Range Payload in kg
Prithvi I Army version 150 km 1000
Prithvi II Air force version 350 km 500
Prithvi III Naval version 600 km 1000

Agni Missiles

Name Type Range Payload in kg
Agni-I MRBM 700 – 900 km 1,000
Agni-II MRBM 2,000 – 3,000 km 750 – 1,000
Agni-III IRBM 3,500 – 5,000 km 2,000 – 2,500
Agni-IV IRBM 3,000 – 4,000  km 800 – 1,000
Agni-V ICBM 5,000 – 8,000 km (Testing) 1,500 (3 – 10 MIRV)
Agni-VI ICBM 8,000 – 10,000 km (Under development) 1,000 (10 MIRV)

Also Read: 

Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021: All you Need to Know

SSB’s of Indian Armed Forces: Get Details Here

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Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021: All you Need to Know

Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill 2021: Recently, the central government introduced the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 in the Lok Sabha to amend the Government of National Capital Territory of Delhi Act, 1991. The Government of  NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021 proposes to amend Sections 21, 24, 33 and 44 of the 1991 Act. In this Article we have explained in detail about this bill, what are its implications and how it would be affecting the Government of NCT of Delhi.

Government of NCT of Delhi (Amendment) Bill, 2021

  • Section 44 of the 1991 Act says that all executive actions of the L-G,
    whether taken on the advice of his Ministers or otherwise, shall be
    expressed to be taken in the name of the L-G.
  • The Bill gives discretionary powers to the L-G even in matters where
    the Legislative Assembly of Delhi is empowered to make laws.
  • The proposed legislation also seeks to ensure that the L-G is “necessarily
    granted an opportunity” to give her or his opinion before any decision
    taken by the Council of Ministers (or the Delhi Cabinet) is implemented.
  • Delhi is a Union Territory with a legislature and it came into being in
    1991 under Article 239AA of the Constitution inserted by the
    Constitution (Sixty-ninth Amendment) Act, 1991.

What’s the issue now?

  • The Bill has revived the dispute on the distribution of powers
    between the elected government and the Lieutenant Governor (L-
  • The Supreme Court too had intervened in the matter and delivered
    its verdict in 2018.

Supreme Court’s 2018 verdict:

  • L-G’s concurrence is not required on issues other than police, public
    order and land.
  • Decisions of the Council of Ministers will, however, have to be
    communicated to the L-G.
  • The L-G was bound by the aid and advice of the council of
  • The status of the Lieutenant Governor of Delhi is not that of a
    Governor of a State, rather he remains an Administrator, in a
    limited sense, working with the designation of Lieutenant Governor.

How will this bill effect the power of Delhi Government?


  • By making it mandatory for the elected government to route all its files through the L-G, the amendments will essentially take away the government’s autonomy and the dream for full statehood for the state.
  • This will revive the dispute on the distribution of powers between the elected government and the Lieutenant Governor (L-G).

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Also Read:


SSB’s of Indian Armed Forces: Get Details Here

Trophies and Related Games: Important for Defence Examination

India Secretly Commissions VC11184 ocean surveillance ship: Key Points

SSC JE Admit Card 2021 Out: Download SSC JE 2020 Admit Card 

SSC JE Admit Card 2021: The Staff Selection Commission has released the SSC JE 2021 admit card  for SSC JE  on its official website. The SSC JE 2020 Paper I will start from 22-03-2021 to 25-03-2021. 

SSC JE Application Status

Below, we have given links of all regions from where you can download your Admit cards

Region Names SSC JE Application Status
North Region Check SSC JE Application Status
Eastern Region Check SSC JE Application Status
North Western Sub-Region Check SSC JE Application Status
Central Region Check SSC JE Application Status
KKR Region Check SSC JE Application Status
Western Region Check SSC JE Application Status
Southern Region Check SSC JE Application Status
MP Sub-Region Check SSC JE Application Status
North Eastern Region Check SSC JE Application Status

Region-Wise SSC JE Admit Card 2021

The official region wise link to download SSC JE admit card 2020 will be updated in the below-given table once released on its region-wise official website:-

Region Names State Names SSC Zonal Websites SSC JE Admit Card
MP Sub-Region Madhya Pradesh (MP), and Chhattisgarh www.sscmpr.org Download Admit Card
Western Region Maharashtra, Gujarat, and Goa www.sscwr.net Download Admit Card
North Western Sub-Region J&K, Haryana, Punjab,
and Himachal Pradesh (HP)
www.sscnwr.org Download Admit Card
Central Region Uttar Pradesh (UP) and Bihar www.ssc-cr.org Download Admit Card
KKR Region Karnataka Kerala Region www.ssckkr.kar.nic.in Download Admit Card
Eastern Region West Bengal (WB), Orrisa, Sikkim, A&N Island, and Jharkhand www.sscer.org Download Admit Card
Southern Region Andhra Pradesh (AP),
Puducherry, and Tamilnadu
www.sscsr.gov.in Download Admit Card
North Region Delhi, Rajasthan, and Uttarakhand www.sscnr.net.in Download Admit Card
North Eastern Region Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Meghalaya, Manipur, Tripura, Mizoram, and Nagaland www.sscner.org.in Download Admit Card

The SSC JE Tier-II Exam will be conducted on 21st March 2021. The admit card for the SSC JE TIER II exam will be out soon.

How to download the SSC JE 2020 Admit Card?

You need following information to download the admit card of SSC JE 2020

• Registration ID/Roll No

• Mother’s Name/ Father’s Name :

• Date of Birth (D.O.B)

In order to download the SSC Junior Engineer  Tier, 1 Exam admit card, candidates can follow the below-mentioned steps:

  1. Go to the official website of the Staff Selection Commission, i.e. https://ssc.nic.in
  2. Click on the “Admit Card” option.
  3. Select the region you belong to!
  4. Download link of the SSC JE  examination.
  5. Next, enter the required candidate credentials, such as Username and Password, the Roll Number, Date of Birth, and submit.
  6. The online SSC JE Admit Card 2021 exam will appear.
  7. Save and download the admit card for your use

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SSC MTS Notification 2021: Few Days left to Apply Online

SSC MTS 2021 Notification 2021: Staff Selection Commission (SSC) has released notification for the post of Multi-Tasking (Non-Technical) today i.e. 05 February 2021 on its official website. Eligible and interested candidates may apply online for the post of SSC MTS 2021. Below we have provided you the direct link to apply online.

SSC MTS 2021: Few Days left to Apply Online

Event Important Dates
Starting Date of SSC MTS Online Application 05 February 2021
Last Date of SSC MTS Online Application 21 March 2021
Last Date of SSC MTS Online Fee Payment 23 march 2021
Last date for generation of offline Challan 25 march 2021
Last date for payment through Challan (during working hours of Bank) 29 March 2021
SSC MTS Exam Date for Paper 1  01 July to 20 July 2021
SSC MTS Result Date for Paper 1 to be announced
SSC MTS Exam Date for Paper 2 21 Nov 2021
SSC MTS Result Date for Paper 2 to be announced

SSC MTS 2021 Vacancy Details

Multi-Tasking Staff (Non-Technical): would be updated on the website later.

SSC MTS Salary:

Pay Band – Rs 5200- 20200 + Grade Pay Rs.1800

SSC MTS 2021 Eligibility Criteria

Educational Qualification:

Candidates must be 10th Class Passed.


A candidate must be either:

  • citizen of India, or
  • a subject of Nepal, or
  • a subject of Bhutan, or
  • a Tibetan refugee who came over to India, before the 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or
  •  a person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Sri Lanka, East African Countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire, Ethiopia and Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.
  • Candidates who are seeking to apply for SSC MTS 2021 Exam should be 10th class passed or equivalent from a recognized Board. The age of the candidates should be 18 to 25 years.

SSC MTS Age Limit:

  • General: 18 to 25 Years
  • SC/ST: 18 to 30 Years
  • OBC: 18 to 28 Years
  • PwD (Unreserved): 18 to 35 years
  • PwD (OBC): 18 to 38 years
  • PwD (SC/ ST): 18 to 40 years
  • Ex-Servicemen (ESM): 03 years after deduction of the military service rendered from the actual age as on closing date of receipt of online application.

Selection Procedure for SSC MTS 2021

Selection process consists of:

  1.  Paper 1 (Computer Based Examination)
  2. Paper 2 (Descriptive Essay Writing)
  3. Skill Test
  4. Document Verification

SSC MTS Exam Pattern (Paper 1):

SSC MTS  2021 Exam Paper 1 is an objective type and will be conducted in online mode. There will be 100 questions on:

Subject No. of Questions Marks Time Medium of Exam
General English 25 25 1 hour and 30 minutes English
General Intelligence & Reasoning 25 25 English and Hindi
Numerical Aptitude 25 25 English and Hindi
General Awareness 25 25 English and Hindi

There will be negative marking of 0.25 marks for each wrong answer.

SSC MTS Paper 2 Exam Pattern:

It is descriptive type test conducted for all candidates who will be qualified in Paper 1.

Subject Marks Time
Short Essay/Letter in English or in any language included in the 8th
schedule of the Constitution
50 30 minutes

SSC MTS Qualifying Marks

Qualifying marks in Paper-II will be 40% (35% for all reserved category candidates)

Click Here to Apply Online

Download Official Notification

MP High Court Recruitment 2021: Last Day To Apply

MP High Court Recruitment: Madhya Pradesh High Court has earlier released a notification for the recruitment of  Clerk cum research assistant posts on February 17, 2021.  A total of 32 vacant posts has been notified by  MP High Court in its Notification. The interested candidates who are eligible can apply online for MP High Court Recruitment 2021 till March 18, 2021.

MP High Court Recruitment 2021: Important Dates

Events Important Dates
Notification Date February 17, 2021
Online Registration Starts On February 26, 2021
Last Date of Registration March 18, 2021

Click here to apply online 

MP High Court: Vacancies Details

Vacancy Details
Post Vacancies
Law Clerk-Cum-Research Assistants 32

MP High Court Recruitment Eligibility Criteria

Education Qualification:

How to Apply For MP High Court Recruitment 2021?

  • Go to official site of MP High Court @mphc.gov.in
  •  Click on Career Section.
  • Check the details of the MP High Court Recruitment Notification.
  • The MP High Court Application Form 2021 link will be activated from February 15, 2021.
  • Fill the application form.
  • Check the details once again before submitting it.

The link for the online application active from February 26 to March 18, 2021.

Click here to apply online 

Official Notification

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UPSC NDA 2021 Detailed Syllabus: Check here

UPSC NDA 2021 Detailed Syllabus: UPSC (Union Public Service Commission) conducts NDA Exam twice a year to select eligible candidates for admission in the elite National Defence Academy. NDA 1 written examination will be conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for admission to the Army, Navy and Air Force wings of the NDA for the 147th Course, and for the 109th Indian Naval Academy Course.

NDA 1 2021 Exam is scheduled for 18th April 2021. The Admit Card for the Written Exam will be released 10-15 days prior to the commencement of the Written Exam.

UPSC NDA 2021 Detailed Syllabus:

Paper-I : Mathematics


Concept of set, operations on sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation, Representation of real numbers on a line, Complex numbers—basic properties, modulus, argument, cube roots of unity, Binary system of numbers, Conversion of a number in decimal system to binary system and vice-versa, Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions, Quadratic equations with real coefficients, Solution of linear inequations of two variables by graphs, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem and its applications, Logarithms and their applications.


Types of matrices, operations on matrices, Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants, Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.


Angles and their measures in degrees and in radians, Trigonometrical ratios, Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae, Multiple and Sub-multiple angles, Inverse trigonometric functions, Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.


Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system, Distance formula, Equation of a line in various forms, Angle between two lines, Distance of a point from a line, Equation of a circle in standard and in general form, Standard forms of parabola, ellipse and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic, Point in a three dimensional space, distance between two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation two points, Direction Cosines and direction ratios, Equation of a plane and a line in various forms, Angle between two lines and angle between two planes, Equation of a sphere.


Concept of a real valued function–domain, range and graph of a function. Composite functions, one to one, onto and inverse functions. Notion of limit, Standard limits—examples. Continuity of functions—examples, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative—applications. Derivatives of sum, product and quotient of functions, derivative of a function with respect to another function, derivative of a composite function. Second order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima.


Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals— determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications. Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of a differential equations, solution of first order and first degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.


Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.


Statistics: Classification of data, Frequency distribution, cumulative frequency distribution—examples. Graphical representation—Histogram, Pie Chart, frequency polygon—examples. Measures of Central tendency—Mean, median and mode. Variance and standard deviation—determination and comparison. Correlation and regression. Probability: Random experiment, outcomes and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical- examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binominal distribution.


Part ‘A’—ENGLISH (Maximum Marks—200)

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English and workman like use of words. The syllabus covers various aspects like: Grammar and usage, vocabulary, comprehension and cohesion in extended text to test the candidate’s proficiency in English.

Part ‘B’—GENERAL KNOWLEDGE (Maximum Marks—400)

The question paper on General Knowledge will broadly cover the subjects: Physics, Chemistry, General Science, Social Studies, Geography and Current Events.

Section ‘A’ (Physics)

Physical Properties and States of Matter, Mass, Weight, Volume, Density and Specific Gravity, Principle of Archimedes, Pressure Barometer. Motion of objects, Velocity and Acceleration, Newton’s Laws of Motion, Force and Momentum, Parallelogram of Forces, Stability and Equilibrium of bodies, Gravitation, elementary ideas of work, Power and Energy. Effects of Heat, Measurement of Temperature and Heat, change of State and Latent Heat, Modes of transference of Heat. Sound waves and their properties, Simple musical instruments. Rectilinear propagation of Light, Reflection and refraction. Spherical mirrors and Lenses, Human Eye. Natural and Artificial Magnets, Properties of a Magnet, Earth as a Magnet Static and Current Electricity, conductors and Non-conductors, Ohm’s Law, Simple Electrical Circuits, Heating, Lighting and Magnetic effects of Current, Measurement of Electrical Power, Primary and Secondary Cells, Use of X-Rays. General Principles in the working of the following: Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightening Conductors, Safety Fuses.

Section ‘B’ (Chemistry)

Physical and Chemical changes. Elements, Mixtures and Compounds, Symbols, Formulae and simple Chemical Equations, Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems). Properties of Air and Water. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbondioxide, Oxidation and Reduction. Acids, bases and salts. Carbon— different forms. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches and Gun-Powder. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom, Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights, Valency.

Section ‘C’ (General Science)

Difference between the living and non-living. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms and Tissues. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals. Elementary knowledge of Human Body and its important organs. Common Epidemics, their causes and prevention. Food—Source of Energy for man. Constituents of food, Balanced Diet. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists.

Section ‘D’ (History, Freedom Movement etc.)

A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation. Freedom Movement in India. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India. Panchayati Raj, Co-operatives and Community Development. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya, National Integration and Welfare State, Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi. Forces shaping the modern world; Renaissance, Exploration and Discovery; War of American Independence. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution and Russian Revolution. Impact of Science and Technology on Society. Concept of one World, United Nations, Panchsheel, Democracy, Socialism and Communism. Role of India in the present world.

Section ‘E’ (Geography)

The Earth, its shape and size. Lattitudes and Longitudes, Concept of time. International Date Line. Movements of Earth and their effects. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification; Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition; Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones and Anti-cyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation; Types of Climate, Major Natural regions of the World. Regional Geography of India—Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources; location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities. Important Sea ports and main sea, land and air routes of India. Main items of Imports and Exports of India.

Section ‘F’ (Current Events)

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in the recent years. Current important world events. Prominent personalities—both Indian and International including those connected with cultural activities and sports.

Section/Subject Percentage of Marks
Section A: Physics 25%
Section B: Chemistry 15%
Section C: General Science 10%
Section D: History/Freedom Movements 20%
Section E: Geography 20%
Section F: Current Events 10%

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Trophies and Related Games: Important for Defence Examination

Trophies and Related Games: Static GK plays important role in defence examination especially in CDS, AFCAT, INET and NDA. In this article we have provided you with the important trophies related to various games that is important from the exam point of view.


Vittal Trophy, UEFA Cup, Supercup Trophy, Subroto Cup, Mukherjee Trophy, Santosh Trophy, Rajiv Gandhi trophy, Raghbir Singh memorial cup, Nehru Gold cup, Lal Bahadur Shastri Trophy, Kalinga cup, Indira Gandhi trophy, Greek cup, Begum Hazrat Mahal cup, B. C. Roy trophy


Ashes, Asia Cup, Bose Trophy, Champions Trophy, C. K. Nayudu Trophy, Deodhar Trophy, Gavaskar-Border Trophy, G. D. Birla Trophy, Ghulam Ahmad Trophy, ICC World Cup, Irani Trophy, Merchant Trophy, Prudential Cup (World Cup), Rani Jhansi Trophy, Ranji Trophy, Rothmans Cup, Sahara Cup, Sharjah Cup, Sheesh Mahal Trophy, Sheffield Shield, Singer Cup, Texaco Cup, Titan Cup, Vijay Hazare Trophy, Vijay Merchant Trophy, Wisden Trophy, Wills Trophy, World Series Cup.


Agarwal Cup, Chadha Cup, European Cup, Harilela Cup, Konica Cup, Narng cup, Sophia Kitiakara Cup, Konica Cup, S. R. Ruia Cup, Thomas Cup, Tunku Abdul Rahman Cup, Uber Cup.


Agha Khan Cup, Azlan Shah Cup, Bhim Sain Trophy, BMW Trophy, Bombay Gold Cup, Clarke Trophy, Dhyan Chand Trophy, Esanda Champions Cup, European Nations Cup, Gurmeet Trophy, Guru Nanak Cup, Intercontinental Cup, Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan Cup, Kuppuswamy Naidu Cup, Lady Rattan Tata Cup (women, Maharaja Ranjit Singh Gold Cup, Obaidullah Gold Cup, Prime Minister’s Gold cup, Ranjit Singh Gold Cup, Sanjay Gandhi Trophy, Scindia gold Cup, Shriram Trophy, Wellington Cup


Canada Cup, Eisenhower Trophy , Muthiah Gold Cup, Nomura Trophy, Paralamdi Trophy, President’s Trophy, Prince of Wales Cup, Ryder Cup, Solheim Cup, Topolino Trophy, Walker Cup, Waterford Crystal Trophy.


Federation Cup


Ezar Cup, Gold Cup, King’s Cup, President Cup, Prithi Singh Cup, Radha Mohan Cup, Winchester Cup.

8-Table Tennis

Asian Cup, Berna Bellack Cup, Corbillion Cup (women), Electra Gold Cup, Gasper-Giest Prize, Grand Prix, Jayalaxmi Cup (women), Kamala Ramanunjan Cup, Marcel Corbillon Cup, Pithapuram Cup (men), Swaythling Cup (men), Travancore Cup (women)


Ambre Solaire Cup, A T&T Cup, ATP President’s Cup, Davis Cup, Dr. Rajendra Prasad Cup, Edgbaston Cup, Evert Cup, Federation Cup, Ghafar Cup, Grand Prix, Grand Slam Cup, Nations’ Cup, Wimbledon Trophy, World Cup, World Team Cup.


Bharat Kesari, Burdwan Shield, World Cup.


America Cup


North Wales Cup, Welsh Grand Prix.


Naidu Trophy, Khaitan Trophy, Limca Trophy, Linares City Trophy


Aspy Adjahia Trophy, federation Cup, Val Ibaker Trophy

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India Secretly Commissions VC11184 ocean surveillance ship: Key Points

India Secretly Commissions VC11184 ocean surveillance ship: India has unobtrusively commissioned its clandestine atomic rocket following vessel that had been under development since 2014, entering a select class of countries with the ability to screen rocket dispatches at significant distances, upgrading the testing program and adding a urgent part to a public rocket guard framework.

The VC11184 sea observation transport, just four different countries work comparative vessels  will be worked by a joint team of the National Technical Research Organization (NTRO), the Defense Research and Development Organization and the Indian Navy.

India Secretly Commissions VC11184 ocean surveillance ship

As of now, just the US, France, China and Russia work comparable vessels that are utilized to follow rocket dispatches adrift. The vessel will actually want to screen India’s formative preliminaries of rockets of more prominent reach than any time in recent memory, giving undeniable degree of safety at its oceanic lines.

Also, it will can recognize dispatches by enemies like Pakistan and China, giving India an early admonition capacity. The 15,000 ton transport, which has particular reconnaissance frameworks of three arch formed radio wires loaded with sensors, has been broadly tried since 2018 by the joint group.

As announced by ET, the intricate vessel will create more than 14 MW of force just to control up its following radars, which will have various parts from following foe rockets to precisely giving information on tests that are regularly done of native vital rockets.

The 15,000 ton class vessel was at first developed in a covered dry harbor at the Hindustan Shipyard Ltd, the nation’s biggest, to continue meandering satellites and spying endeavors under control. Be that as it may, since 2018 the vessel has been docked in the open, with its enormous globe molded radar set on the toward the back giving an unmistakable perceivability to guests at Vizag.

The ₹725 crore project is a feature under the Make in India activity, with high mystery being kept up on subtleties, remembering the abilities and frameworks for board. It is additionally perhaps the biggest warship to be worked at an Indian yard.

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SSC CGL 2020: Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Job Profiles etc

SSC CGL 2020: Every year Staff Selection Commission (SSC) conducts the Combined Graduate Level (CGL) Exam for the recruitment of Grade “B” and “C” category posts in various Central Government Ministries, Departments. The exam is held in 4 Tiers. While the first two tiers are online the latter two are offline exams. Candidates needs to qualify each stage of the SSC CGL exam to proceed to the next one, before being finally selected for the post. In this article we have provided you detailed Syllabus, Exam Pattern, Job Profiles, Salary Details of SSC CGL posts.

SSC CGL 2020:  Important Dates

SSC CGL Exam Events SSC CGL Exam Dates
Application forms 29-Dec-2021 to 31-Jan-2021
SSC CGL Tier-I exam 29-May-2021 to 07-Jun-2021

SSC CGL Syllabus Tier 1

Subject Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time Allowed
General Intelligence & Reasoning 25 50 60 Minutes (Total)

For VH/OH (afflicted with Carebral Palsy/deformity in writing hand- Pl, See para- 5.11 of Notice). 80 Minutes

General Awareness 25 50
Quantitative Aptitude 25 50
English Comprehension 25 50
General Intelligence

and Reasoning

General Awareness Quantitative Aptitude English


Classification Static General Knowledge Simplification Reading Comprehension
Analogy Science Interest Cloze Test
Coding-Decoding Current Affairs Averages Spellings
Paper Folding Method Sports Percentage Phrases and Idioms
Matrix Books and Authors Ratio and Proportion One word Substitution
Word Formation Important Schemes Problem on Ages Sentence Correction
Venn Diagram Portfolios Speed, Distance, and Time Error Spotting
Direction and Distance People in the News Number System Fill in the Blanks
Blood Relations History Mensuration Active/Passive
Series Geography Data Interpretation Narrations
Verbal reasoning Economic Time and Work
Non-Verbal Reasoning Awards and Honors Algebra
Economic Trigonometry

Syllabus of SSC CGL Tier -2

Subject Number of Questions Maximum Marks Time Allowed
Paper I – Quantitative Aptitude 100 200 12- Minutes (For Each Paper)

For VH/OH (afflicted with Carebral Palsy/deformity in writing hand- Pl, See para- 5.11 of Notice). 160 Minutes

Paper II – English Comprehension 100 200
Paper III – Statistics 100 200
Paper IV – General Studies (Finance & Economics) 100 200
Quantitative Aptitude English Language Statistics General Awareness
Simplification Reading Comprehension Collection and Representation of Data Finance and Accounting
Interest Spelling Measure of Dispersion Fundamental Principles
Averages Fill in the Blanks A measure of Central Tendency Financial Accounting
Percentage Phrases and Idioms Moments, Skewness and Kurtosis Basic Concepts of Accounting
Ratio and Proportion One Word Substitution Correlation and Regression Self-Balancing Ledger
Speed, Distance, and Time Sentence Correction Random Variables Error Spotting and Correction
Number System Error Spotting Random Variables
Mensuration Cloze Test Sampling Theory Economics and Governance
Data Interpretation Para Jumbles Analysis and Variance Comptroller and Auditor General of India
Time and Work Synonyms-Antonyms Time Series Analysis Finance Commission
Algebra Active-Passive Voice Index Number Theory of Demand and Supply
Data Sufficiency

Details of SSC CGL Syllabus

Tier-I and Tier-II will consist of Objective Type, Multiple choice questions. The questions will be set both in English & Hindi except for English Comprehension in Tier-I and Paper-II in Tier-II.
In Tier-I, there will be negative marking of 0.50 for each wrong answer.

In Tier-II, there will be negative marking of 0.25 for each wrong answer in Paper-II (English Language and Comprehension) and of 0.50 marks for each wrong answer in Paper-I, Paper-III and Paper-IV.
In Tier-II, Paper-I and Paper-II are compulsory for all the posts.

Paper-III of Tier-II will be for only those candidates who apply for the posts of Junior Statistical Officer (JSO) in the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation and who are shortlisted in Tier-I for the Posts.

In Tier-II, Paper-IV will be for only those candidates who are shortlisted in Tier-I for Paper-IV i.e. for the posts of Assistant Audit Officer/ Assistant Accounts Officer

Syllabus of SSC CGL Tier 3

SSC CGL Tier-4 Syllabus (Skill Test)

In the Tier-IV, Computer Proficiency Test (CPT) and Data Entry Speed Test (DEST) will be conducted.

SSC CGL 2020 Exam Pattern

There have been No Changes in the Examination Pattern
The Examination will be conducted in four tiers as indicated below:

  • Tier -I – Computer Based Examination
  • Tier -II – Computer Based Examination
  • Tier -III – Pen and Paper Mode (Descriptive paper)
  • Tier-IV – Computer Proficiency Test/ Skill Test (wherever applicable)/ Document Verification

The Commission reserves the right to make changes in the scheme of examination

SSC CGL 2020 Job Profiles

Name of Post Job Description
Inspector (Preventive Officer) (CBEC) The work of a preventive officer is to gather information and take a subsequent action based on it in order to prevent malpractice.
Assistant Accounts Officer The work of the Assistant Accounts Officer is to work in the Indian Audit and Accounts Department under the controller and Auditor General (CAG). The roles offered to them will be diverse such as assisting the senior officials and reporting them of the department’s finances.
Assistant in AFHQ The job profile of Assistant in AFHQ is to assist the section office and help him in imparting his duties of management and coordination of work to staff and distribution.
Assistant in Intelligence Bureau The work of an assistant in the Intelligence bureau is data-oriented mostly.

SSC CGL 2020 Salary Details: Know Here

Salary Bracket Group Posts
Rs. 47,600– Rs. 1,51,100

Grade Pay- 4800

A Assistant Audit Officer, Assistant Accounts Officer
Rs. 44900 – Rs. 142400

Grade Pay- 4600

B Inspector (Examiner) (CBEC) Income Tax Inspector (CBDT) Assistant in Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) Inspector (Central Excise) (CBEC) Inspector (Preventive Officer) (CBEC) Assistant Enforcement Officer (AEO) Assistant (Central Vigilance Commission) Assistant in AFHQ Assistant in Ministry of Railway Assistant in Intelligence Bureau Assistant Section Officer (CSS) Assistant in Serious Fraud Investigation Officer (SFIO) Sub Inspectors (CBI) Assistant (Other Ministries) Divisional Accountant (CAG) Inspector (Narcotics) Assistant (Other Ministries) Inspector (Department of Post)
Rs. 35,400– Rs. 1,12,400

Grade Pay- 4200

B Statistical Investigator
Rs. 35,400– Rs. 1,12,400

Grade Pay- 4200

B Sub Inspector in the National Investigation Agency (NIA)
Rs. 35,400– Rs. 1,12,400

Grade Pay- 4200

C Sub-Inspector (Central Bureau of Narcotics)
Rs. 29200 – Rs. 92300

Grade Pay- 2800

C Auditor (C&AG) Auditor (CGDA)

SSC CGL 2020 Details

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SSB Interview Group Discussion Topics 2021: 100+ Topics for GD

SSB Interview Group Discussion Topics 2021: Group Discussion plays a crucial role in SSB Interview as it shows the overall personality of the candidates. GD assesses the candidate’s qualities of co-operation and how he/she behaves in a group.

SSB Interview Group Discussion Topics 2021

  1. Which is better, life of a boarder or a day scholar?
  2. Should capital punishment be abolished or allowed to stay in our country?
  3. Should co-education be encouraged in India or not ? If so at what stage?
  4. Should love marriages be encouraged in our country or not ?
  5. Should corporal punishment be permitted in our educational institutions or not ?
  6. Should examinations be abolished or allowed to stay in the method of selection of candidates for defence services?
  7. Should compulsory military training be introduced in our educational institutions?
  8. Should prohibition be enforced in India or not ?
  9. Has science proved a boon or a curse to humanity ?
  10. Has UNO proved a success or a failure ?
  11. Should industries be nationalised or not ?
  12. Who serves the country better ? A soldier, a doctor, a scientist or a politician?
  13. What is the most helpful for a man ,s success in life ? Knowledge, power or wealth?
  14. What quality would you prefer in a wife-beauty, health, wealth, educational or character?
  15. Should India remain nonaligned ?
  16. Our five year plans – have they improved the lot of the common man or not ? How would the Rolling Plan system help our economy ?
  17. The best place for the women is hearth and home and not office.
  18. What helps a soldier most-brain, brawn or faith?
  19. Should Indian students be allowed to take part in politics ?
  20. Should compulsory family planning he introduced in our country?
  21. Is war desirable or inevitable ?
  22. Are early or late marriage desirable ?
  23. Which one would your prefer-health, riches or social status ?
  24. Which is worst of the vices-gambling, drinking, smoking or stealing ?
  25. Should religious and moral instructions be imparted in our educational institutions?
    Should sex education be introduced in our schools or college education ?
    What decides a man’s future- fate or his own efforts ?
  26. The Economic Liberalization has only served to widen the gap between the rich and the poor.
  27. Should promotion be based on seniority or merit ?
  28. Who is a greater culprit-the man who accepts bribe or the man who offers bride ?
  29. Should India prepare nuclear weapons in view of Pakistan’s decision to prepare Nuclear Bomb ?
  30. Should there be reservation of the seats in Parliament for women ?
  31. Are the nuclear blasts by India justified ?
  32. Should the basic frame work or our Constitution be changed ?
  33. Is the role of the opposition parties in India justified ?
  34. A plea for introducing Presidential form of Government in India.
  35. Can the present scenario of rampant political corruption be rectified ?
  36. Should there be a uniform civil code in Inida ?
  37. Is the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) a success or a failure ?
  38. Has the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) been able to make any significant contribution to the South Asian region ?
  39. Do you think that reservation of seats in the public sector for backward classes should be abolished ?
  40. Is the Atomic Power a curse to the humanity ?
  42. A. Educational Topics
  43. Sex education – At what stage should it be introduced in our educational institutions?
  44. Student in discipline, its causes and remedies.
  45. Compulsory Military Training in our educational institutions.
  46. Your favourite author/leader.
  47. Future of English language in India.
  48. Students should not be allowed to take part in politics.
  49. Will CD- ROMS replace books in the near future ?
  50. Patriotism.
  51. Importance of games in schools and colleges.
  52. Who influences the life of a child most-parents, teachers or friends.
  53. Travelling as a means of education.

B. Scientific Topics

  1. Are computers a boon or a curse ?
  2. Horrors of war.
  3. Science in the service of humanity.
  4. Space fights or journey to the moon.
  5. Is the atom bomb a curse or a blessing to humanity.
  6. Cyberspace and the Information Super highway.
  7. E-Learning. Internet in.
  8. C. Economic and Social Topics
  9. India’s population problem, and how to control it.
  10. India’s food problem.
  11. The problem of unemployment.
  12. India’s five year plans, with special reference to concept of rolling plan.
  13. Family Planning in India.
  14. Which is worse, drinking or gambling ?
  15. General economic crisis.
  16. E-Commerce.
  17. India’s economic liberalization programme.
  18. Rising prices in India and Government’s efforts to bring them down.
  19. Trade unionism in a democracy.
  20. Strikes and demonstrations in our country.
  21. Nationalisation of grain trade in our country.
  22. Position of women in our society.
  23. The oil crisis in India and the world.
  24. Inflation and its effects on our economy.

Current and General Topics

  1. The Kashmir issue will always remain an obstacle for cordial relations between India and Pakistan.
  2. The demand for a Constitutional/Amendment giving more power to the States.
  3. Power of the Press.
  4. Should we have conscription in our country ?
  5. India’s refusal to sign the Non Proliferation Treaty.
  6. Should India review her policy of nonalignment in view of the attitude of her neighbours ie.China and Pakistan ?
  7. Your favourite leader/Military Commander.
  8. Your ambition in life.
  9. Our gallantry awards.
  10. How can bribery and corruption be lessened in our country ?
  11. United Nations Organisation.
  12. National integration.
  13. Who is supreme, the judiciary or the Parliament.
  14. Censorship and the Freedom of Speech.
  15. Pokhran II (Nuclear blasts by India)
  16. Brain drain.
  17. India’s testing of the short-range ballistic missile, the Prithvi.
  18. Garland Canal.
  19. Insurgency in North East.
  20. Militancy in J&K.
  21. Naga Peace Talks.
  22. India Vision 2020.


  1. The Indo-Afghanistan relations.
  2. Sino-Indian relations.
  3. Indo-Sri Lanka relations.
  4. Indo-Bangladesh relations.
  5. Indo – US relations.
  6. Indo – Russia relations.
  7. Indo – Pakistan relaltions.
  8. Indo – Mynamar relations.
  9. Indo – Nepal relaltions.
  10. India – a regional power in South Asia.
  11. Sri Lankan Peace Talks.
  12. US- Iraq conflicts.

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