Indian Army Rank Structure: Full Details here

Rank Structure of Indian Army
Indian Army Rank Structure: Ranks in Indian Army provide a system of leadership that indicates a Soldier’s level of expertise, responsibility and authority. As they say in Indian armed forces ” You wear your heart on your sleeve and your resume on your uniform”. Rank defines a soldier while Insignia is a distinguishing mark and a badge of authority or honor.

Indian Army Rank Structure

COMMISSIONED OFFICER RANK STRUCTURE

FIELD MARSHAL
Insignia– National emblem over a crossed baton and saber in a lotus blossom wreath

  • The Field Marshal rank is the highest rank in the Indian Army. It is a ceremonial or wartime rank and Field Marshal Sam Manekshaw and Field Marshal KM Cariappa were the only two officers to be elevated to the rank of Field Marshal.

    Retirement– There is no retirement age for this rank. It is awarded lifelong.

    GENERAL
    Insignia–  National emblem over a five-pointed star, both over a crossed baton and saber

    This is the highest rank held by an Army officer, apart from the honorary rank of Field Marshal.

    Retirement– 3 years as COAS or at the age of 62, whichever is earlier.

    Current General– General Mukund Narvane,  is the current COAS.

    LIEUTENANT GENERAL
    Insignia– National emblem over crossed baton and saber.

    Lieutenant generals are appointed only by selection (after 36 years of commissioned service) and may hold the position of a Vice Chief of Army Staff or Army Commanders.

    MAJOR GENERAL
    Insignia– Five-pointed star over crossed baton and saber.

    Major generals are appointed by selection after 32 years of commissioned service.

    BRIGADIER
    Insignia– National emblem over three five-pointed stars in a triangular formation.

    COLONEL
    Insignia– National emblem over two five-pointed stars

  • Colonel and above ranks are Selection grade ranks. 15 years of commissioned service is required for selection.
  • Duration of Time Scale promotion to Colonel is 26 years of commissioned service.

    LIEUTENANT COLONEL
    Insignia– National emblem over five-pointed star

    This rank is earned on completion of 13 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part D exam.

    MAJOR
    Insignia– National emblem

    This rank is earned on completion of 6 years reckonable commissioned service subject to clearance of Part B exam.

    CAPTAIN
    Insignia– Three five-pointed stars

    This rank is earned on completion of 2 years reckonable commissioned service. In some technical entries, the rank is awarded after successful completion of 1 year.

    LIEUTENANT
    Insignia– Two five-pointed stars.

    It is rank achieved after getting commissioned into the force from the academy.

JUNIOR COMMISSIONED OFFICER

SUBEDAR MAJOR
Insignia – Gold national emblem with stripe

The promotion is based on selection. Although commissioned, they would be considered as senior enlisted personnel.
SUBEDAR
Insignia– Two gold stars with stripe

The selection is based on promotion.

NAIB SUBEDAR
Insignia– One gold star with stripe

The selection is based on the promotion. The soldiers holding JCO rank receive a commission from the President of India.

NON COMMISSIONED OFFICERS

HAVILDAR
Insignia– Three rank chevrons

NAIK
Insignia– Two rank chevrons

SOLDIERS

SEPOY
Insignia – Plain shoulder badge

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